What is an appellation of origin?

An appellation of origin is a special kind of geographical indication used on products that have a specific quality exclusively or essentially due to the
geographical environment in which the products are produced. The term geographical indication encompasses appellations of origin. Examples of appellations
of origin that are protected in states party to the Lisbon Agreement for the Protection of Appellations of Origin and their International Registration are
“Bordeaux” for wine produced in the Bordeaux region of France, “Prosciutto di Parma” – or Parma ham – for ham produced in the Parma province of Italy or “Habana” for tobacco grown in the Havana region of Cuba